In this article, victor40 examines different types of cancer, the development of the disease, treatments as well as healthy lifestyles to adopt to reduce the risk of getting cancer.
WHAT IS CANCER?
Cancer is a term that describes a disease resulting when changes in cells lead to the uncontrolled growth as well as division of cells.
Some cancer cases result to rapid growth of cells while others make cells to grow and divide at a rate that is slower than the normal rate.
Several forms of cancer lead to visible growths that are known as tumors, other forms like leukemia do not.
CAUSES OF CANCER
Cancer causative agents are many, and some can be prevented. According to data that was reported in 2014 in the U.S, more than 480,000 people lose their lives from smoking cigarettes.
Some more risk factors that may lead to cancer include:
- Heavy consumption of alcohol
- Excess body weight
- Poor nutrition
- Physical inactivity
As you may have noted, the risk factors above are from our lifestyles. However, some causes of cancer cannot be prevented. The most unpreventable risk factor currently is age. 87% of cancer cases are diagnosed in people aged 50 years and above: this is according to the American Cancer Society.
TYPES OF CANCER
The main type of cancer is breast cancer. Lung, cervical and prostate are also common. Other types of cancer that are not very popular include:
- Rectal and colon
Some forms of cancer are very uncommon. There are more than 100 types of cancer according to the National Cancer Institute.
CANCER CASES IN KENYA
This non-communicable disease is the third leading cause of death in Kenya. The World Health Organization estimates that in one year, there are 40,000 new cases and 28,000 deaths related to cancer.
Breast and cervical cancers recorded the highest cases of new infections according to the National Cancer Institute.
Below is a list of some of the prominent people in Kenya that have lost their lives from cancer recently,
- Joyce Laboso. She was the first female governor of Bomet county. She lost her life on July 29 this year.
- Ken Okoth. He was the member of parliament for Kibera. The 41-year-old law maker lost his life on July 26.
- Bob Collymore. The Safaricom C.E.O died on July 1 from Acute Myeloid Leukemia.
That’s all we have for today but tomorrow we will be focusing on cancer prevention tips and lifestyles to adopt. You can’t miss that. Keep it interactive here at victor40.co.ke, leave your comments below and click the notify button to receive good pieces such as this and many more. Thanks a lot for your time.
Question: Do you think the government of Kenya is doing enough to fight cancer in the country? If not, how should it go about it? Keep em’ comments coming……